Scaffolding is great for precise individual and group instruction. It is an amazing instructional methodology for teachers to implement in their practice. Below, I have summarized the steps to scaffold.
- Excavating – Teacher systemically questions to discover what students know
- Modelling – Teacher models what to do and/or how to do it.
- Collaborating – Teacher works interactively with students on a tasks to achieve a solution. Teacher contributes ideas, responds to suggestions and invites comments.
- Guiding – Teacher observes, listens and monitors students as they work, asks questions designed to help better understand the material & make connections.
- Convince Me – Teacher actively seeks evidence, encourages students to be more precise & specific. A teacher continues to encourage students to explain & provide data/explanation for their response.
- Focusing – Teacher focuses on specific concept/skill/strategy that students need to improve.
- Probing – Teacher evaluates students understanding using specific question/task designed to elicit a range of strategies and presses for clarification.
- Orienting – Teacher establishes context by invoking relevant prior knowledge and experience.
- Reviewing – Teacher recounts of what was learnt, share ideas and strategies. This typically occurs at the end of the lesson; key ideas are articulated and recorded.
- Extending – Teacher uses open-ended questions to explore; extent student’s understanding & provide context for further learning.
- Apprenticing – Teacher offers students opportunity to operate in a student-as-teacher capacity.