Scaffolding is great for precise individual and group instruction. It is an amazing instructional methodology for teachers to implement in their practice. Below, I have summarized the steps to scaffold.

**Excavating**– Teacher systemically questions to discover what students know**Modelling**– Teacher models what to do and/or how to do it.**Collaborating**– Teacher works interactively with students on a tasks to achieve a solution. Teacher contributes ideas, responds to suggestions and invites comments.**Guiding**– Teacher observes, listens and monitors students as they work, asks questions designed to help better understand the material & make connections.**Convince Me**– Teacher actively seeks evidence, encourages students to be more precise & specific. A teacher continues to encourage students to explain & provide data/explanation for their response.**Focusing**– Teacher focuses on specific concept/skill/strategy that students need to improve.**Probing**– Teacher evaluates students understanding using specific question/task designed to elicit a range of strategies and presses for clarification.**Orienting**– Teacher establishes context by invoking relevant prior knowledge and experience.**Reviewing**– Teacher recounts of what was learnt, share ideas and strategies. This typically occurs at the end of the lesson; key ideas are articulated and recorded.**Extending**– Teacher uses open-ended questions to explore; extent student’s understanding & provide context for further learning.**Apprenticing**– Teacher offers students opportunity to operate in a student-as-teacher capacity.