Scaffolding

Scaffolding is great for precise individual and group instruction. It is an amazing instructional methodology for teachers to implement in their practice. Below, I have summarized the steps to scaffold.

  1. Excavating – Teacher systemically questions to discover what students know
  2. Modelling – Teacher models what to do and/or how to do it.
  3. Collaborating – Teacher works interactively with students on a tasks to achieve a solution. Teacher contributes ideas, responds to suggestions and invites comments.
  4. Guiding – Teacher observes, listens and monitors students as they work, asks questions designed to help better understand the material & make connections.
  5. Convince Me – Teacher actively seeks evidence, encourages students to be more precise & specific. A teacher continues to encourage students to explain & provide data/explanation for their response.
  6. Focusing – Teacher focuses on specific concept/skill/strategy that students need to improve.
  7. Probing – Teacher evaluates students understanding using specific question/task designed to elicit a range of strategies and presses for clarification.
  8. Orienting – Teacher establishes context by invoking relevant prior knowledge and experience.
  9. Reviewing – Teacher recounts of what was learnt, share ideas and strategies. This typically occurs at the end of the lesson; key ideas are articulated and recorded.
  10. Extending – Teacher uses open-ended questions to explore; extent student’s understanding & provide context for further learning.
  11. Apprenticing – Teacher offers students opportunity to operate in a student-as-teacher capacity.
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